Professor John Hattie–Closing the Gap
Professor John Hattie is the Director of Research at the Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Australia, and Professor of Education, University of Auckland, New Zealand. He has written, I think, one of the best books on teaching and learning that represents the biggest ever collection of evidence-based research into what actually works in schools to improve learning.
In Visible Learning for Teachers: Maximizing Impact on Learning, Hattie lays out the things we should be doing to help our students achieve at even higher levels.
Recently, he spoke at a conference and had this to say:
Your job as a professional educator is to ensure you know what the student already knows, and by being very clear upfront what it means to be successful and what success looks like without waiting until the end to find out.
Your job is to reduce that gap.
You can help with targeted and meaningful feedback, helping students with study skills, using multiple strategies, helping students learn how to concentrate.